China Introduces New Regulations for Generative AI, Impacting Chatbots like OpenAI’s ChatGPT and Google’s Bard

China has recently introduced new regulations for generative AI, which powers popular chatbots like OpenAI’s ChatGPT and Google’s Bard. The regulation, administered by China’s Cyberspace Administration (CAC), applies to chatbots available to the public across the country. However, generative AI research and technologies developed for use in other countries are exempt from these regulations.

Prominent Chinese tech companies such as Alibaba and Baidu have yet to release their generative AI tools for public use. They accept as true with they waited for the government to finalize the bill before doing so. Although the policies released on Thursday are titled “Interim Measures,” indicating the possibility of future changes. B2B customers are currently testing or developing Chinese versions of generative AI chatbots and image generators, as reported by CNN. For instance, Alibaba recently launched a text-to-image generator called Tongyi Wanxiang, which is currently available only for beta testing by corporate clients. Similarly, Baidu introduced its Ernie chatbot in March, but it is limited to approximately 650 enterprise cloud customers.

Under the new rules, developers must register their algorithms with the Chinese government and must undergo “security assessment ” if their projects are able to influence public opinion, which China’s efforts have already exist if online management is compatible. This assessment policy aims to ensure that generative AI algorithms adhere to the core socialist values and comply with the country’s legal framework. The regulations explicitly prohibit the use of generative AI for promoting terrorism, disseminating “obscene pornography,” subverting state power, damaging the country’s image, or undermining national unity.

AI has raised domestic and national protection worries at the highest tiers of the Chinese authorities. At a summit in May, Chinese President Xi Jinping emphasized the need for a “new security architecture” with a “new model of development,” and welcomed the impact of AI on complex and challenging situations on national security brought adopted.

The draft legislation, published Wednesday, changed into prepared with the aid of the CAC and approved through seven different government groups, inclusive of the Department of Education, the Department of Public Safety and the National Broadcasting Corporation. The broad involvement of these state agencies suggests that the Chinese government aims to promote the use of AI across various industries, as outlined in the new policy. These regulations come amid an AI arms race between China and the United States. Chinese officials identified AI development as an economic priority for 2023 at the government’s annual Central Economic Work Conference in December, reflecting the importance of AI in China’s strategic plans.

China’s regulations serve as a guide for AI regulations globally. They provide an updated version of preliminary guidelines published in April, which were deemed too restrictive by tech companies. These regulations offer insights into addressing key issues related to generative AI, including copyright infringement and data protection. Notably, they include explicit requirements for generative AI companies to respect intellectual property rights, which recently gained attention in the United States when comedian Sarah Silverman sued OpenAI and Meta utilized her copyrighted work in training their machine learning models.

The CAC’s new policy also aims to protect privacy rights for individual users. Generative AI platforms in China will be responsible for safeguarding personal information if users disclose it while using the services. Furthermore, if companies intend to collect or store protected information, they must provide terms of service to users to clarify their rights while using the platform. While terms of service are commonly used in various tech applications, they are not yet legally mandated for generative AI platforms in the United States, as highlighted in a congressional report from May. According to the published regulations, all current Chinese laws on privacy protection will apply to AI as well. These provisions could serve as a valuable reference for the United States, which currently lacks comprehensive data protection legislation.

The recently introduced measures also shed light on China’s global ambitions in the field of AI and the policies that will eventually govern its use worldwide. The regulations encourage developers and suppliers, including chipmakers, to participate in formulating international rules related to generative artificial intelligence.

The idea of comprehensive regulations in China has been discussed previously, with Tesla CEO Elon Musk recently suggesting that China would be open to a cooperative international framework for AI regulation.He said he discussed the issue with Chinese officials during his recent visit to the country.

Leave a comment